http://poj.org/problem?id=1909
//* @author: ccQ.SuperSupper
import java.util.*;
import java.io.*;
class node{
int init_have;
int sum_have;
int nodes;
Vector son = new Vector();
}
public class Main {
static int N = 10000+100;
public static void main(String []args) throws Exception{
int n,i,j,ans,cnt,sons,root;
node Tree[] = new node[N];
for(i=0;i< N;++i) Tree[i] = new node();
//Scanner cin = new Scanner(new FileInputStream("input.txt"));//System.in);
Scanner cin = new Scanner(System.in);
while(cin.hasNext()){
n = cin.nextInt();
if(n==0) break;
for(i=0;i<=n;++i){
Tree[i].sum_have = -1;
Tree[i].son.clear();
Tree[i].nodes = 0;
}
for(i=0;i< n;++i){
cnt = cin.nextInt();
Tree[cnt].init_have = cin.nextInt();
sons = cin.nextInt();
for(j=0;j< sons;++j){
ans = cin.nextInt();
Tree[cnt].son.add(ans);
Tree[ans].sum_have = -2;
}
}
root = 1;
for(i=1;i<=n;++i) if(Tree[i].sum_have==-1)
root = i;
System.out.println(dfs(Tree,root));
}
}
public static int dfs(node Tree[],int root){
int i,j,k,ans=0;
Tree[root].sum_have = Tree[root].init_have;
Tree[root].nodes = 1;
for(i=0;i< Tree[root].son.size();++i){
k = (Integer)Tree[root].son.get(i);
if(Tree[k].sum_have< 0){
ans+=dfs(Tree,k);
Tree[root].sum_have+=Tree[k].sum_have;
Tree[root].nodes+=Tree[k].nodes;
ans+=abs(Tree[k].sum_have-Tree[k].nodes);
}
}
return ans;
}
public static int abs(int a){
return a<0?-a:a;
}
}