http://poj.org/problem?id=2447
#include<stdlib.h>
#include<stdio.h>
#include<string.h>
#include<algorithm>
using namespace std;
typedef unsigned __int64 u64;
#define MAX 30
#define MAXN 5
u64 len, dig, limit;
u64 factor[MAXN];
u64 mod(u64 a, u64 b, u64 n){
if(!a)return 0;
else return ( ((a&dig)*b)%n + (mod(a>>len,b,n)<<len)%n )%n;
}
u64 by(u64 a, u64 b, u64 n){
u64 p;
p = 8, len = 61;
while(p<n){
p<<=4;
len -=4;
}
dig = ((limit/p)<<1) - 1;
return mod(a,b,n);
}
u64 random(){//产生随机数
u64 a;
a = rand();
a *= rand();
a *= rand();
a *= rand();
return a;
}
u64 square_multiply(u64 x, u64 c, u64 n){//(x^c)%n快速算法
u64 z=1;
while(c){
if(c%2==1)z = by(z,x,n);
x = by(x,x,n);
c=(c>>1);
}
return z;
}
bool Miller_Rabin(u64 n){//Miller_Rabin素数测试
if(n<2)return false;
if(n==2)return true;
if(!(n&1))return false;
u64 k = 0, i, j, m, a;
m = n - 1;
while(m%2==0)m=(m>>1),k++;
for(i=0;i<MAX;i++){
a = square_multiply(random()%(n-1)+1, m, n);//平方乘
if(a==1)continue;
for(j=0;j<k;j++){
if(a==n-1)break;
a = by(a,a,n);
}
if(j<k)continue;
return false ;
}
return true;
}
u64 gcd(u64 a,u64 b){
if(a==0) return b;
else return gcd(b%a,a);
}
u64 f(u64 x, u64 n ){
return (by(x,x,n)+1)%n;
}
u64 Pollard(u64 n){
if(n<=2)return 0;
if(!(n&1))return 2;
u64 i, p, x,xx;
for(i=0;i<MAX;i++){
x = random()%n; //或者直接用 x = i
xx = f(x,n);
p = gcd((xx+n-x)%n , n);
while(p==1){
x = f(x,n);
xx = f(f(xx,n),n);
p = gcd((xx+n-x)%n,n)%n;
}
if(p)return p;
}
return 0;
}
u64 prime(u64 a){
if(Miller_Rabin(a))return a;
u64 t = Pollard(a);
if(t!=0)
{return prime(t);}
}
u64 Euclid(u64 a,u64 b,__int64 &x,__int64 &y)
{
if(b==0)
{
x=1,y=0;
return a;
}
u64 t,d;
if(b!=0)
d=Euclid(b,a%b,x,y);
t=x;
x=y;
if(b!=0)
y=t-a/b*y;
return d;
}
int main(){
u64 c,e,n,i,j,m,t,n0,T,ans,l;
__int64 T0,x,y,d;
limit = 1;
limit = limit<<63;
while(scanf("%I64u%I64u%I64u",&c,&e,&n)!=EOF){
m=0;n0=n;
while(n%2==0){n/=2;factor[m++]=2;}
while(n>1){
if(Miller_Rabin(n))break;
t = prime(n);
factor[m++] = t;
if(t!=0)
n/=t;
}
if(n>1)factor[m++]=n;
//for(l=0;l<m;l++)printf("%I64un",factor[l]);
T0=(__int64)(factor[0]-1)*(factor[1]-1);
T=(u64)T0;
Euclid(e,T,x,y);
d=x;
//printf("%I64dn",d);
//while(d<0)d+=T0;
d=(d%T0+T0)%T0;
//d=(__int64)d;
// printf("%I64d %I64dn",d,T0);
ans=square_multiply(c,(u64)d,n0);
printf("%I64un",ans);
}
}